A comparison of the concepts TRABAJO and PRACA in two fundamental laws: Fuero del Trabajo and the Constitution of the Polish People’s Republic
The aim of this study is to reconstruct and compare the linguistic picture of two concepts: Spanish TRABAJO and Polish PRACA (work). The analysis refers to the theory of the linguistic picture of the world by Jerzy Bartmiński. The material for investigation was selected from two legal documents: Fuero del Trabajo (1938) and the Constitution of the Polish People’s Republic (1952). The study was based on the overview of the collocations of lexemes praca and trabajo. The quotes containing mentioned lexemes were assigned to four categories (called aspects): political/institutional, social, ideological and economic. Then, to find the similarities and differences between the two concepts, the cognitive definitions of both of them were developed. The results affirm the thesis that TRABAJO and PRACA have many semantic features in common, however, we find the different connotations because of cultural and ideological differences.